Your greatest investment is typified by your home and its contents. Because of that, you would prefer to protect your house and its contents with homeowners insurance policy from the best insurer. Whenever you are seeking that insurance policy right now, you are able to select one of literally hundreds of dissimilar homeowner insurers. You have to find convinced in insurance policy and company which is taken since they will own a large share of your financial investment and the ownerships.
The most primary of homeowner insurances insure the house is for the overall substitution cost of house and goods in the house. Therefore your insurance broker will call for you around the house and goods which you are buying. You require to discover a company which provides you a low-priced rate and good policy.
Perhaps you will not be unsure which one you will pick out because of so a lot of homeowner insurers. You are able to think a lot of dissimilar matters to set which homeowner insurers are most proficient for you. A lot of dissimilar matters are coverage sums, deduction, besides as the premiums that are proposed by insurers. They are primary elements set which one is the most proficient for your demands. Besides that, the companies reputation and their customer service have to be counted prior to you agree to sign contracts.
To obtain the best homeowner insurance companies grounded on their service, you are able to look up in customer reviews, agent stimulation and word of mouth. Then you are able to compare their rates and coverages which are proposed. Your comparison effects can be applied to select which company fits your needs most well.
While purchasing a new house, homeowners will be demanded to purchase homeowners insurance policy. A lot of credit companies ask for proof of ownership of that insurance policy, since it can see that their investment is secure whenever there are any damages. Whenever you reside in a risky region for any of natural disasters, you are better to require whenever those are covered under the common policy. You must want to buy that insurance and see that you are not fully covered.
The homeowner insurance companies will count homeowners insurance rates placed on the type, the ages, structure of home which you are ensuring and any dangerous factors in your house. This insurance has very small relationship with the customers personal data, but rather on the information customers house. Occasionally numerous companies and mortgage lenders regulate in the mortgage document submitting that the customer should have this insurance in certain companies. This stimulates occasionally you may not select your homeowner insurance companies.
Outside, there are numerous insurance companies, providers and their agents. They will rapidly accumulate premiums from its customers, but while cataclysm affects, and customer do a claim, just a few insurance companies that offer good service. You as a buyer of homeowners insurance had better find out the true potentialities of your insurance company or provider prior to you determine to purchase this insurance.
You can find quotes easy from the best rated homeowner insurance companies by seeking internet. Opening move can be practiced is collecting whole primary data about your house and insurance needs. They are including the size of your house, year made your house, the construction details of your house, deductions or deductibles that you require, home protection features, and how far the closest fire station.
After you have this selective information, you are able to move to the insurance comparison web site. Then you complete selective information about your insurance needs. After that way, you will get quotes from A-rated homeowner insurance companies. Whenever you prefer to recognize the ratings of your insurance company, you are able to effort to discover by net. There are some valuable resources you are able to apply. Discussion forums online present the great profits to several people for giving selective information of top-rated homeowner insurance companies.
You will be permitted to talk online with insurance professionals online by the best comparison sites. You are able to require questions by speaking with this professional insurance online. You are able to require them about their insurance company rating. This data can be found rapidly and easy by applying the instruments of their online website. With this instrument, you are able to compare these insurances. You had better make certain that you select the best insurance company for you.
Whenever you prefer to decide your homeowner insurance company, you are able to go to insurance comparison website like naic.org (NAIC-National Association of Insurance Commissioners), standardandpoors.com (Standard & Poors), jdpower.com (J.D.Power & Associates), and ambest.com (A.M.Best).
You had better ask to your homeowner insurance companies about particular discounts. You are able to discover discounts ranging from fire resistant, security system to senior citizen or dual insurance discounts. A dual discount implies that you will obtain particular discount from the insurance companies whenever you have more than one type of insurance through their homeowner insurance companies. Therefore it is better for you to check with your current auto insurance companies to see whenever they are proposing particular rates to loyal customers.
The primary matter you had better recognize is the insurance companies will consider your late credit account as well as your past insurance account. Whenever you have ever a high auto insurance crash story or you have ever a risky credit story, it could means that you are able to have higher premiums in the long-term.
I had a conversation with a friend the other day that gave me inspiration for this topic. My friend, who I will call an insurance company loyalist, said “I have been with my insurance company for 52 years. When I call they jump.” We discussed this belief for a little while as I wanted to get a little more insight from his perspective. For the purpose of this week’s topic, it is coming from the perspective of being in CA, considering CA insurance law. If you are from another state, your laws may be different, and I am not an attorney so this is not legal advice.
In 1988 California voters passed Prop 103, which was a insurance reform proposition. It is my understanding that this law, while primarily focused on regulating rates, protects insurance consumers by preventing the use of discriminatory tactics by insurance companies. What this means is that insurance companies have to treat a 1 day customer, with the same service as a 52 year customer. If the insurance company gives preferential service to the older customer over the newer customer they are subject to penalties and fines if the Department of Insurance were to investigate complaints of this nature. Typically the penalties far exceed the value of any client, so insurance companies do not waiver in their treatment of their customers regardless of tenure. So for my friend, while the company may listen a little more politely, their policy for him is the same as a new customer. If they jump for him, they jump for everyone. As an insurance shopper, just know that your treatment is the same no matter how long you are with a specific company.
I am not privy to the world of corporate leaders, but I would bet in the insurance company boardrooms, and executive meetings, the opposite of ‘jumping’ is the case. Given how much insurance companies study the business for profit, I would bet loyalist customers are the most profitable customers for insurance companies. Once the insurance loyalist is set in their comfort zone, they can be taken advantage of with changes in policies or direction. These corporate leaders don’t talk about special privileges for loyalists, but rather take the insurance loyalist for granted, assuming that no matter what they do as a company, or how they treat their customers, the loyalists will stay. Similar to some sports teams, where no matter how bad the product is, the fans stick around in faith for their team. In the meantime the executives get healthy bonus payment and the company makes healthy profits on the back of these consumers. Since my goal is to give good tips or advice on insurance shopping, it makes sense to get you to think about these things.
What I did tell my friend was he, like any insurance consumer, should shop his insurance regularly or talk to his agent about pricing other companies, to could confirm his pricing is the best. Why throw money away over a brand? I told him the primary factors in determining his best rate are: his driving record (tickets and accidents), the number of years of driving experience he has, and how far he drives each year.
There are other factors that insurance companies may use in determining rates and those are the important ones for insurance shoppers and finding the best price. Did his company offer a loyalty discount of some type? Yes. I asked him, what his 52 years of loyalty was worth to his company. We did some math and his loyalty discount was worth about 7%. Moving forward, knowing that your 52 years of brand loyalty to an insurance company was worth about 7%, would you stick around especially if there were greater discounts elsewhere?
In the category of these other factors, there are companies with discounts for college degrees or targeted professions worth 15% or more. Did his company have something like that? No, he said. From the perspective of being an insurance shopper over a company loyalist, in just this one discount he potentially was sacrificing an additional savings of 8%. This is only one example of potential savings for insurance shoppers. Companies advertise discounts for alumni associations or organizations you belong to, or extra discounts for having an ‘extra’ clean driving record. The key for insurance shoppers is to be willing to look around. It doesn’t take much to shop for comparison quotes, and the insurance shopper and the insurance loyalist both may save some money.
My take on the matter, you don’t have to shop your insurance every year, but I would look for the triggers indicating you should. Did your rate change from one policy period to another but your primary rating factors did not? Is there a change that your company or agent pass off as simply ‘new rates’? Does the explanation you hear not make a lot of sense? Not every company raises their rates at the same time, or changes discounts that you qualify for, so if that happens to you, use your triggers to be a new insurance shopper.
For business owners paying taxes in the United States, captive insurance companies reduce taxes, build wealth and improve insurance protection. A captive insurance company (CIC) is similar in many ways to any other insurance company. It is referred to as “captive” because it generally provides insurance to one or more related operating businesses. With captive insurance, premiums paid by a business are retained in the same “economic family”, instead of being paid to an outsider.
Two key tax benefits enable a structure containing a CIC to build wealth efficiently: (1) insurance premiums paid by a business to the CIC are tax deductible; and (2) under IRC § 831(b), the CIC receives up to $1.2 million of premium payments annually income-tax-free. In other words, a business owner can shift taxable income out of an operating business into the low-tax captive insurer. An 831(b) CIC pays taxes only on income from its investments. The “dividends received deduction” under IRC § 243 provides additional tax efficiency for dividends received from its corporate stock investments.
Starting about 60 years ago, the first captive insurance companies were formed by large corporations to provide insurance that was either too expensive or unavailable in the conventional insurance market.
Over the years, a combination of US tax laws, court cases and IRS rulings has clearly defined the steps and procedures required for the establishment and operation of a CIC by one or more business owners or professionals.
To qualify as an insurance company for tax purposes, a captive insurance company must satisfy “risk shifting” and “risk distribution” requirements. This is easily done through routine CIC planning. The insurance provided by a CIC must really be insurance, that is, a genuine risk of loss must be shifted from the premium-paying operating business to the CIC that insures the risk.
In addition to tax benefits, principal advantages of a CIC include increased control and increased flexibility, which improve insurance protection and lower cost. With conventional insurance, an outside carrier typically dictates all aspects of a policy. Often, certain risks cannot be insured conventionally, or can only be insured at a prohibitive price. Conventional insurance rates are often volatile and unpredictable, and conventional insurers are prone to deny valid claims by exaggerating petty technicalities. Also, although business insurance premiums are generally deductible, once they are paid to a conventional outside insurer, they are gone forever.
A captive insurance company efficiently insures risk in various ways, such as through customized insurance policies, favorable “wholesale” rates from reinsurers, and pooled risk. Captive companies are well suited for insuring risk that would otherwise be uninsurable. Most businesses have conventional “retail” insurance policies for obvious risks, but remain exposed and subject to damages and loss from numerous other risks (i.e., they “self insure” those risks). A captive company can write customized policies for a business’s peculiar insurance needs and negotiate directly with reinsurers. A CIC is particularly well-suited to issue business casualty policies, that is, policies that cover business losses claimed by a business and not involving third-party claimants. For example, a business might insure itself against losses incurred through business interruptions arising from weather, labor problems or computer failure.
As noted above, an 831(b) CIC is exempt from taxes on up to $1.2 million of premium income annually. As a practical matter, a CIC makes economic sense when its annual receipt of premiums is about $300,000 or more. Also, a business’s total payments of insurance premiums should not exceed 10 percent of its annual revenues. A group of businesses or professionals having similar or homogeneous risks can form a multiple-parent captive (or group captive) insurance company and/or join a risk retention group (RRG) to pool resources and risks.
A captive insurance company is a separate entity with its own identity, management, finances and capitalization requirements. It is organized as an insurance company, having procedures and personnel to administer insurance policies and claims. An initial feasibility study of a business, its finances and its risks determines if a CIC is appropriate for a particular economic family. An actuarial study identifies appropriate insurance policies, corresponding premium amounts and capitalization requirements. After selection of a suitable jurisdiction, application for an insurance license may proceed. Fortunately, competent service providers have developed “turnkey” solutions for conducting the initial evaluation, licensing, and ongoing management of captive insurance companies. The annual cost for such turnkey services is typically about $50,000 to $150,000, which is high but readily offset by reduced taxes and enhanced investment growth.
A captive insurance company may be organized under the laws of one of several offshore jurisdictions or in a domestic jurisdiction (i.e., in one of 39 US states). Some captives, such as a risk retention group (RRG), must be licensed domestically. Generally, offshore jurisdictions are more accommodating than domestic insurance regulators. As a practical matter, most offshore CICs owned by a US taxpayer elect to be treated under IRC § 953(d) as a domestic company for federal taxation. An offshore CIC, however, avoids state income taxes. The costs of licensing and managing an offshore CIC are comparable to or less than doing so domestically. More importantly, an offshore company offers better asset protection opportunities than a domestic company. For example, an offshore irrevocable trust owning an offshore captive insurance company provides asset protection against creditors of the business, grantor and other beneficiaries while allowing the grantor to enjoy benefits of the trust.
For US business owners paying substantial insurance premiums every year, a captive insurance company efficiently reduces taxes and builds wealth and can be easily integrated into asset protection and estate planning structures. Up to $1.2 million of taxable income can be shifted as deductible insurance premiums from an operating business to a low-tax CIC.
Warning & Disclaimer: This is not legal or tax advice.
Internal Revenue Service Circular 230 Disclosure: As provided for in Treasury regulations, advice (if any) relating to federal taxes that is contained in this communication is not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, for the purpose of (1) avoiding penalties under the Internal Revenue Code or (2) promoting, marketing or recommending to another party any transaction or matter addressed herein.
Before you subscribe an insurance you need to understand how insurance companies work. To help understand that we have provided a detailed explanation of Insurance Companies Business Model based on internet research and talking with some friends that are experts and work on the insurance professional field. Let’s breakdown the model in components:
Underwriting and investing
Underwriting and investing
On raw terms we can say that the Insurance Companies business model is to bring together more value in premium and investment income than the value that is expended in losses and at the same time to present a reasonable price which the clients will accept.
The earnings can be described by the following formula:
Earnings = earned premium + investment income – incurred loss – underwriting expenses.
Insurance Companies gain their wealth with these two methods:
Underwriting, is the process that Insurance companies use to select the risk to be insured and chooses the value of the premiums to be charged for accepting those risks.
Investing the values received on premiums.
There is a complex side aspect on the Insurance Companies business model that is the actuarial science of price setting, based on statistics and probability to estimate the value of future claims within a given risk. Following the price setting, the insurance company will consent or refuse the risks using the underwriting process.
Taking a look at the frequency and severity of the insured liabilities and estimated payment average is what ratemaking at a simple level is. What companies do is check all those historical data concerning losses they had and update it on today’s values and then comparing it to the premiums earned for a rate adequacy assessment. Companies use also expense load and loss ratios. Simply putting this we can say that the comparison of losses with loss relativities is how rating different risks characteristics are done. For example a policy with the double losses should charge a premium with the double value. Of course there is space for more complexes calculations with multivariable analysis and parametric calculation, always taking data history as it inputs to be used on the probability of future losses assessment.
The companies underwriting profit is the amount of premium value collected when the policy ends minus the amount of paid value on claims. Also we have the underwriting performance A.K.A. the combined ratio. This is measured by dividing the losses and expenses values by the premium values. If it is over 100% we call it underwriting loss and if it is below the 100% then we call it the underwriting profit. Don’t forget as part of the Companies business model there is the investment part which means that the companies can have profit even with the existence of underwriting losses.
The Float is how insurance companies earn their investment profits. It is amount of value collected in premium within a given time and that has not paid out in claims. The investment of the float starts when the insurance companies receive the payments from the premiums and end when the claims are paid out. As it is this time frame is the duration from which the interest is earned.
The insurance companies from the United States that operate on casualty and property insurance had an underwriting loss of $142 Billion in the five years ending on the year of 2003, and for the same period had an overall profit of $68 Billion consequence of the float. Many professionals from the industry think that is possible to always achieve profit from the float not having necessarily a underwriting profit. Of course there are many thinking streams on this matter.
Finally one important think you should consider when subscribing a new insurance is that in economically depressed times the markets have bear trends and the insurance companies run away from float investments and causes a need to reassess the values of the premiums which means higher prices. So this is not a good time to subscribe or renew your insurances.
The changing on profit and nonprofit times is called underwriting cycles.
The actual “product” paid for in insurance companies industry are the claims and loss handling as we can call it the materialized utility of insurance companies. The Insurance Companies representatives or negotiators can help the clients fill the claims or they can be filled directly by the companies.
The massive amount of claims are employed by the claim adjusters and supported by the records management staff and data entry clerks within the Companies claims department. The classification of the clams are made on severity criteria basis and allocated to the claim adjusters. The claim adjusters have variable settlement authority according to each ones experience and knowledge. After the allocation, follows the investigation with collaboration of the customer to define if it is covered by the contract. The investigation outputs de value and the payment approval to the client.
Sometimes a public adjuster can be hired by the client to negotiate an agreement with the insurance companies on his behalf. On more complex policies where the claims are hard to manage the client may and normally uses the a separate policy add on for the cover of the cost of the public adjuster, called the loss recovery insurance.
When managing claims handling functions, the companies tries to steady the requirements for customer contentment, expenses of administrative and over payment leakages. Insurance bad faith usually comes from this equilibrium act that causes fraudulent insurance practices which are a major risk that are manage and overcome by the companies. The dispute between the clients and insurance companies often leads to litigation. The claims handling practices and the validity of claims are the escalating issues.
Insurance Companies use negotiators and representatives to initiate the market and underwrite their clients. These negotiators are bond to a sole company or they are freelancers, which mean that they can rules and terms from many other insurance companies. It is proven the accomplishment of Insurance Companies goals is due to dedicated and tailored made services supplied by the representatives.